Earl Cornwallis was a three-decker East Indiaman launched in 1783 on the Thames. She made seven voyages for the British East India Company (EIC). Then in 1800 transported convicts from England to New South Wales. By 1809 she was no longer listed in Lloyd's Register.
- The voyage Mary Katesby was on, (1798-1800) was the ships seventh and last voyage for the East India Company. James Tennant was Earl Cornwallis's captain , and he left Portsmouth on 4 October 1798, and arrived in Sydney on 12th June 1801 , the voyage took 206 days. The ship carried 193 male prisoners; and 95 female, 25 people died on the voyage.
The following is an excerpt from the Free Settler or Felon website about the voyage:
- The colony had experienced uncommonly
bad weather and there had been a partial failure of crops
previous to the Earl Cornwallis' arrival. By June Governor King
was obliged to reduce the consumption of grain and salt meat to
two thirds of the full ration. He wrote to the Transport Commissioners of the arrival of the
21st August 1801,
By the way of India I had the honor of writing you, a duplicate copy of which accompanies this. The Earl Cornwallis arrived here the 10th June. By that ship I received your letters and their several enclosures, together with the store, provisions, and passengers, the Commissary's receipt for all which I enclose. The difference between the number of prisoners sent on board and landed here the mater accounts for by their having died of the dysentery during the voyage. Many of those landed are extremely weak and feeble. No complaint has been made of improper treatment during the voyage, and what is very extraordinary no complaint has been made by the agent or master of any very bad behaviour of any of the prisoners during the voyage. On the contrary they both speak to their advantage. I am sorry to observe that Lieut. Henry Crawford, of the New South Wales Corps, was drowned at Rio de Janeiro. The ship was cleared within the time allowed; therefore no demurrage has taken place
- We do have the transportation register of the Earl Cornwallis which gives us some information about Mary (top of the 2nd page)